To better prepare youth for the complexities of 21st century literacy, teach students to read with purpose and engage with text by utilizing these three strategies: Retell, Summarize, Sketch.
While reading fiction or non-fiction, pause every few paragraphs and ask students to write a "RETELL" sentence (first, then, finally) and then share it with a partner. This is a simple skill that is often mastered in the primary grades but it greatly improves comprehension.
Before reading further, have students also write a SUMMARY sentence (who/what/when/where/why/how); this is a more complex skill that requires even further analysis of the text.
Finally, after completing the Retell and Summary sentences, have students SKETCH a picture or symbol of the section as a visual (logograph) reminder of the information. I find it even more effective when students sometimes complete this task in pairs.
Though any one of these three strategies used alone would improve comprehension, the three combined makes a differentiated and strategic tool that vastly improves accountability for learning and retention. Julie Adams, Adams Educational Consulting, effectiveteachingpd.com